Florence keeps an exceptional artistic heritage which is a marvelous evidence of its aged culture. Cimabue and Giotto, the fathers of Italian painting, lived in Florence as well as Arnolfo di Cambio and Andrea Pisano, renewers of architecture and sculpture; Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio forefathers of the Renaissance operated in Florence, Lorenzo Ghibertiand the Della Robbia worked in Florence, Filippo Lippi and Beato Angelico were based in Florence; Sandro Botticelli,Paolo Uccello made of Florence their home and the universal genius of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarrotiare surely the 2 names to which Florence is more commonly associated to.
Their works, together with those of many other generations of artists up to the artists of our century, are gathered in the several Florence museums of the town: the Uffizi gallery, the most selected gallery in the world and main Florence museum, the Palatina gallery with the paintings of the “Golden Ages”.
The Bargello national museum, once the political building of Florence with the sculptures of the Renaissance, the museum of San Marco with Angelico’s works, the Academy gallery, the chapels of the Medicis once the rulers of Florence,Buonarroti’s house with the sculptures of Michelangelo, the following Florence museums: Bardini, Horne, Stibbert, Romano, Corsini, The Gallery of Modern Art, The museum of the Opera del Duomo, the museum of Silverware and the museum of Precious Stones. Florence boasts many other great monuments and landmarks of its artistic culture: the Baptistry with its mosaics and the the incredible Paradise golden door; Florence Cathedral with its sculptures, the medieval churches with bands of frescoes; public as well as private palaces: Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Palazzo Davanzati; monasteries, cloisters, refectories; the “Certosa“.
The archeological museum of Florence includes documents of Etruscan civilization.
In fact the Florence is so rich in art that some first time visitors experience the Stendhal syndrome as they encounter its art for the first time.